As the global economy struggles to stay in recovery mode, you can’t help but wonder why so many countries are spending so much on military defence spending. Take note of the word “defence.”
Reductions are looming for the UK armed forces with 7,000 Army, 5,000 Royal Navy, and 5,000 RAF military personnel to be cut by the year 2015. Germany has passed a reform package that will reduce the Bundeswehr by 72,000 military personnel by 2015 which is a staggering 29 percent. Recently, the USA Congress passed a bill raising the debt ceiling and cutting expenses and the military defence budget is set to be reduced by as much as US$1 trillion over the next 10 years.
Those who support defence spending question these kinds of cuts for very obvious reasons. How are we going to defend ourselves with ancient creaking military equipment, reduced military staffing, and a dissatisfied military?
My question is: What exactly are we supposed to be defending? With such massive budget cuts and military personnel reductions, is it safe to assume that the world is much safer post-recession than it was pre-recession?
It is interesting that the high levels of military spending were seen as justifiable before the recession, but now that government budgets are short funds, the military spending levels are seen as too high. The Europeans and the USA have gone a generation fighting only distant wars. The USA is particularly good at fighting wars using technology like drones, but it has not slowed down deaths by roadside IED devices. Afghanistan desert soldiers, a nation that has a natural life expectancy of 44 years and a literacy rate of 43.6 percent for men, have managed to send the Russians away in defeat and dragged a coalition war on for 10 years. As of 18, July 2011, the UK Defence Ministry reported 377 British forces have died while doing their duty in Afghanistan.
It is fitting that the economic crisis has forced European governments to cut their military budgets and personnel. What common sense and logic should have dictated, economic disaster has accomplished. Europeans are not threatened by military action. Most do not perceive threats to their way of life either. Wars, if necessary at all, should be fought with technology in this day and age – drones, robots, computerised defence systems and so on. In this way, the stability of the global system is still kept safe but at reduced cost and loss of life.
Do you think this is naive? Consider the Stuxnet virus cyber attack on Iran’s nuclear plant that sabotaged its nuclear plant. And just recently, the computer security company reported that hacking attacks threatened the U.N secretariat, U.S. defence contractors, and even the U.S. Energy Department. The culprit? Though not named, leaks indicate it was China.
The war is on…
The best and brightest of our young scientists are our best and brightest hope that the recent cuts in military personnel and spending are justified by the coming technology.