Ethiopia is one of the least developing African countries, although it has never been colonized. It is arguably the oldest independent country in Africa. Being one of the poorest countries in the world, Ethiopia is facing many socio-economic problems. The country’s speedy population growth presents huge problems for its people. Starting from the lack of basic needs of life, such as food, housing and clothing, Ethiopians are also struggling for survival due to the lack of health care, education, safe and healthy environment. However, the main problem besieging the Ethiopians is the problem of food shortages. The county is struggling to be self sufficient in food.
Majority of the Ethiopians cannot produce or even purchase enough food to meet minimum requirement. To add to the worries, natural and man-made disasters have shattered the already deficient harvest and made the Ethiopians reliant on external food aid. This is due to political, economic and social reasons. One of the causes of the extensive food hunger in Ethiopia is Drought. The rainfall in Ethiopia is unpredictable and very rare, which leads to drought and subsequently lead to famine. Poverty is another factor responsible for famine in Ethiopia. Poor people who do not have resources neither have equipment to sustain their lives often send their children to work in proletarian job to bring in some money for the family. These people spend a very lesser amount of money on buying foods and other essentials.
Disparate trading system also adds to hunger in Ethiopia. The farmers in Ethiopia do not get any proceeds from their agricultural outcome as the Government purchases their food crops at a very low fixed price. Further, the land available for growing crops is reducing day by day as International organizations persuade Ethiopia to produce cash crops to export.
The agricultural system in Ethiopia also contributes to the cause of famine and drought of the millions of Ethiopians. Here in Ethiopia, land is assigned according to the size of a family and redistributed every few years. When the land is redistributed each farmer gets less as the land is divided between many people. This in turn leads to land degradation. People in Ethiopia are having a hard time to have enough food to last for even one to two months. Unless the situation is controlled, the populace is going to face a distressed situation.