One the one hand there is a positive development as regards poverty in Africa where it has become possible for the African nation to half their poverty rates in the last two decades, however child mortality rate has shown up its ugly heads in Sub-Saharan nations. Ethiopia and Egypt are the countries which have been able to half their poverty rates but countries like Nigeria and Zimbabwe is still lagging behind.
When it comes to child mortality rate, Sub-Saharan nation registered an increase with countries like Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Kenya and Zambia leading the nation with child mortality rate. These huge numbers of deaths among underage children (below 5 years) occur mainly due to HIV/AIDS. Research has shown approximately 332, 000 child deaths in Sub-Saharan region are due to prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
Most of the death could have been averted only if proper health care facility would have been available. 80 percent the health care techniques take place in the home itself in the developing countries and mostly death occurs due to this only. Lack of health care specialist is a major cause of the huge number of deaths in the countries. Furthermore, breast feeding and infant feeding is not practiced by the families. Only if proper feeding could have take place in the families’ child death could be reduced. This is happening due to lack of proper knowledge, support and fundamental supplies.
Families should be taught essential skills and fundamental knowledge to be able to take proper care of the newborn. The importance of breast feeding, hygiene and the like should be imparted to the families so that they should understand it properly and implement it in their life. Proper care should also be taken of the mother so that she could in return take care of her newborn and the family.