Burili ulcer is the name of a tropical disease which is now attacking several people in Ghana with about 1,000 reported cases this year. In this ulcer the skin above the ankle fade away and an inflamed, pulpy and reddish wound rises almost up to the knee. It looks like a sore in the beginning. Till now almost 30 countries have been reported infected by this disease and doctors are of the opinion that even though it can be treated in the early stages however many communities and local hospital staff are unaware of it. The rural deprived people are mostly its victims and it occurs in rustic areas in wet places.
The prevention for this particular type of ulcer is yet complex even though researchers have found that it is caused by mycobacterium ulcerans, the same mycobacterium ulcerans which cause leprosy and tuberculosis. The transmission process of the ‘buruli ulcer’ has yet not been found out and for this reason prevention is very difficult.
Early detention of the disease and thereby subsequent treatment helps in full recovery of the patient. However there are some hindrances which stand in the way for eradication or for that matter recovery from the disease. Poverty, ignorance, spiritual beliefs and lack of proper health facilities all adds up to stand as an obstruction for treatment of the disease.
According to WHO, Uganda was the first country to have been affected by Burili in the year 1897. After 50 years of the disease researchers in Australia were able to present the full description of the disease. Nevertheless, with the help of proper resources and enlightening the widespread communities about burili much can be done for prevention of the disease. Local health care providers should also be trained to take proper care of the victims when need arises.