Tiger is a versatile species and one of its unique characteristic is that it can thrive in an incredibly broad range of natural habitats. However, the future of these beautiful species is threatened as poachers are increasingly hurting them for selfish needs. Their habitat is also being increasingly encroached which has lead to destruction of their territory. Climate change is also creating havoc for these beautiful species to survive.
Conservationists are of the opinion that there are just about 3,200 species of tigers left in the world. In fact, the past century has seen the world population of tigers being dropped by 95 percent.
The Tiger is the national animal of India. India is proud to have the highest number of wild tigers in the world. However, the numbers of tigers are decreasing in India and some conservationists are of the opinion that there are only 3,000 tigers left in India. This is the result of increasing poaching. In the year 1973, the Project Tiger helped in keeping a check on the poaching which helped in rise over the situation. National parks in India possess a wide variety of tigers however it is not so easy to catch a glimpse of these beautiful animals. The Sunderban National Park in West Bengal has an estimated Tiger population of 250 whereas Kanha National park has a population of 102 tigers.
These Tiger Parks in India are all covered under the ‘Project Tiger’ conservation effort. During the commencement of the Tiger Project very good results were able to be achieved. Once a forest came under the Project Tiger Reserve two zones- a core area and a buffer area- are designated. The core area is kept entirely free from any kind of human disturbance. This allowed the tigers to live and reproduce in complete tranquility. In the buffer zone human activity and wildlife tourism was kept to minimal and limited. Numerous sanctuaries were covered by the Project Tiger and this protected the future of many different species that thrived in that forests.