Since the time of Colonial rule, the indigenous people are facing societal and institutional racism. The situation has deteriorated over the years. Their rights of distinct culture have been denied and because of that their cultural diversity has been eliminated. They have been the victims of discrimination which has resulted in exclusion of their society and loss of unique culture.
The indigenous people of Thailand and Central Africa do not hold national identity card or citizenship card. They even do not possess basic civil rights. There is an increasing lack of democratic participation which is also the chief reason of social exclusion. The political institutions constantly violate the formal rights of the Indigenous people which otherwise would have helped those people to settle on their priorities. Indigenous languages are also not included in managerial and day-to-day matters which further ads to the problem of exclusion of the indigenous people in the democratic process.
The same is the problem with the indigenous people of Thailand. Though Thailand law maintains that the principles of equality and non-discrimination of its citizens must be uphold however the indigenous people are still living with little rights along with having to face orderly discrimination from the State. The indigenous people are living the life of invisibility in their motherland.