Mexican wild cotton is jeopardizing the biodiversity. The wild cotton is contaminated with genetically modified material and this has been researched by the National Autonomous University of Mexico in collaboration with the National Commission for Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity. This research has been published in an international journal called Molecular Ecology.
Scientists are also of the opinion that seed dispersion can lead to gene transference. This can happen even if cottons are miles apart from each other. Several Mexican wild cottons with transgenes go through quick evolution. The consequences as a result of this are generally unpredictable. Furthermore, the genetic diversity of the cultivated cotton is low comparable to the genetic diversity of the wild cotton. Consequently, the use of gene flow may be useful but its impact is unpredictable so therefore it may be risky too.