Infant mortality rate has cropped up to be a bigger issue for the African nations. Despite the fact that substantial steps have been implemented to trim down infant and maternal mortality rate, huge numbers of women and children are still dying and they are in need of improved health care, food and sanitation. A gloomy picture is noticeable in Africa as approximately 250,000 mothers in Africa die each year. Their infants are left behind with no care and this lessens their chances to survive and most of them die even before reaching the age of five.
According to the data by UNICEF (2006) of the 10 million children, 4 million die within the first month of birth, and among them half dies within the first 24 hours. It has also been found that these deaths are caused chiefly due to shortage of medical and nursing intervention at the time of birth. Half of the expectant mother dies at the time of birth.
Now the question is why there are such a large number of maternal mortality rates in Africa? The huge numbers of mortality rates is due to the fact that there are various factors involve, such as lack of proper nutrition, non-availability of safe drinking water, lack of proper child care and maternal care facilities and the shortage of appropriate medication and immunization. There are several problems faced by new born babies around the world which are taking their lives in huge numbers. The countries which have the highest number of infant mortality rates are: Sierra Leone, Angola, Afghanistan, Niger and Liberia. And two countries which have the lowest mortality rates are Sweden and Iceland. The problem does not end only with the increasing number of infant mortality rate. Even when child survive there are possibility of birth injury like complications from preterm birth and other neonatal conditions.