Brain drain refers to the mass departure of people in diverse fields such as technologists, doctors and scientist from developing countries to developed nations. There are two issues related to brain drain- the developing countries are suffering due to brain drain and conversely the developed countries are gaining from it. There are many factors responsible for brain drain, factors such as lack of good opportunities in the home country, health risks, personal differences, political instability in a nation and the like. Whatever may be the reason for ‘brain-drain’ but this phenomenon is making the country suffer because skilled people are getting migrated in huge numbers.
Europe is the biggest example of brain drain. In the recent years Europe has seen a huge numbers of migrations of workers from the southeastern Europe and Eastern Europe to the Western Europe. Several skilled professionals also migrated to the USA. This was affecting the economy of the country although the trend has minimized at the moment by the introduction of “Blue-card”. Along with the phenomenon of ‘brain-drain’ there is always a fret involved where the immigrant country has the risk of foreign influence on culture and the environment.
It is logical that when people get those prospects which they were lacking in a developing country they will want to grab it. This will only enable them to get away from poverty and corruption or whatever factor that bothers them. These factors which bother them are generally called as “push” factors it is so called because it push people away from their home country in search of better opportunities. The better opportunities which are available in other counties are called as “pull factors” as they pull people towards them.
Along with globalization economic changes are also evident in the countries around the world. These changes have also has an impact on the issue of “brain-drain”.