The barren land between the Sahara desert in North Africa and Sudan’s Savannas in the South has declared emergencies! The Governments of Sahel has taken this drastic step as 12 million people are threatened by hunger. Frequent droughts in the region have destroyed harvest and this is not limited to only Sahel but the effect of drought has spread to Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Cameroon and Nigeria. The Governments has called for International assistance to avert any more hunger crisis in the region.
This year the drought is understood to be severe and disastrous. It can lead to famine putting the life of millions of people in danger and in want of food. Sahel has been under severe food shortage late last year due to which several of its population suffered. Help from financially strong countries also came late during the last year famine and several aid agencies could not help due to financial shortage. There is less and less time to wait and watch as those regions need to mobilize support from all quarters.
Though it cost dearly to airlift food into an affected area compared to shipping food, however long term measure must be adopted to get a permanent solution. If money is spent in development programmes then it will be much cheaper as catastrophe can be prevented even before it occurs. There are also many factors responsible for the present situation such as increasing population, deprivation of basic services, acute poverty and competition over inadequate resources and the like.