The Government of Vietnam has finally recognized the challenge posed by climate change and keeping in mind its dire consequences, has approved a National Target Program on Responding to Climate Change (NTP) in December 2008. The impact of climate change is mostly felt by the poor people, women and children. NTP recognized this and understand that it is very much essential to conduct vulnerability assessment at sectoral, regional and community levels. There are various issues related to climate change. Due to climate change there may increase the gender inequality gap between man and women. Also climate change may also put more work pressure to women folk specially women residing in poor households. Vietnam is still lacking behind in case of understanding this vulnerability.
Vietnam is still chiefly a rural society where women are mostly associated with production activities. Therefore climate change will affect women’s life in more ways than one as increasing natural disasters such as sea level rise and alteration in rainfall patterns affect women’s life radically. Women are self-employed in Vietnam and participate in most of the production activities however; they have less access to the essential resources compared to men. And because of this the women folk are further vulnerable to resource scarcity due to climate change as long-term climate changes will have an effect on ecological and agricultural systems.
Increase in natural disasters as a result of climate change is also leading to the increase in migration in Vietnam. In this scenario, it is women who have to suffer more compared to men because women who migrate often earn less than men all the while maintaining the domestic and reproductive work. Other groups of very vulnerable persons are women who are left behind by their family members. They have to take the male responsibilities without equal access to land and credit. Furthermore, more women die of natural disasters then men. Also pregnant women and children are highly susceptible to water-borne diseases such as diarrhea and cholera. Natural disasters not only destroy their livelihood but also affect their health negatively.