World’s poorest countries witness the death of mother and child every year. The foremost cause of death in such countries is pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and measles. While these deaths are treatable in the rich countries, the poor countries are still lacking behind in helping its populace to fight against these diseases. Approximately 7.6 million children die even before they reach 5 years of age. There is a huge gap of survivability between the poor and the rich countries and the gap is mainly because of the fragile health system. Large numbers of women and children lack basic health services and this is due to shortage of health care workers, clinics and equipments. Basic health care services such as immunizations and care for expectant mother are also not available.
When factors responsible for the present situation are analyzed, the chief factor seems to be weak health care systems. There is a huge shortage of health care workers, basic equipment and insufficient infrastructure which poses a risk to the health of the expectant mothers and their children. There are many easy and cost-effective ways to save the lives of mothers and babies such as iron supplementation and infection screening, skilled care during birth in the community and at facilities as well as basic postpartum and newborn care during the first few weeks of life and the like.
Basic maternal health services could prevent 80percent of the maternal deaths. Vitamin A supplement could save millions of young lives by reducing the risk of diarrhea and infections. It is known to everyone that children who loose their mothers are at a higher risk of infancy death. Moreover, healthy children will grow up to be productive adults. Therefore the care for maternal and children health is utmost important for a nation.