Sumatra is facing a grave problem of extinction of its endangered animals. Animals such as tigers, elephants, orangutans and rhinos are in danger and this is not limited to the animal kingdom as the indigenous communities of Sumatra are also feeling the brunt of the situation. According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) the main culprit of the present circumstance is the growing deforestation rate due to the pulp and paper industry.
Indonesian-based company Asia Pulp and Paper (APP) and Asia Pacific Resources International Limited (APRIL) have been held responsible for most of the forest destruction in this regard. The wood necessary for the industry has been harvested from forest clearances due to commercial use and also for agricultural conversion. The operations of APP and APRIL has a devastating impact on the wildlife of Sumatra and due to forest clearance for commercial purpose the Sumatran elephants and tigers are getting wiped out. There is also news of peat swamp forest clearance. The negative impact of this peat swamp clearance is that due to peat decomposition and burning of the same, 1.2 gigatonnes of carbon emissions have been creating the largest green house gas emissions in the world. This is also causing deforestation at a rapid pace.
Endangered species like Sumatran tigers, clouded leopards and very scarce Sumatran rhinoceros are at a higher risk of extinction. This has been observed by conservationist and deforestation is the chief cause of the looming danger to these species. The need of the hour is to maintain tiger habitat because once their habitat is deforested or fragmented they venture into human settlements which is the chief cause of human-tiger conflicts seen in recent times. It is not that conservation efforts are not carried out however, a large number of wild tigers continue to decline because of habitat loss, poaching, man-animal conflicts and lack of prey. The adverse effect of deforestation is strongly felt by the species.